Patiala

Patiala

About District

Location

Patiala district is one of the famous princely states of erstwhile Punjab. Forming the south-eastern part of the state, it lies between 29°49’ and 30°47’ north latitude, 75°58’ and 76°54' east longitude.

It is surrounded by the districts of Fatehgarh Sahib & Rupnagar and the Union Territory of Chandigarh in the north, Sangrur district in the west, Ambala and Kurukshetra districts of neighbouring state of Haryana in the east and Kaithal district of Haryana in the south.

How to reach Patiala ?

By Air

Patiala is not having any international/domestic airport .The nearest international Airports are at Delhi and Amritsar. The Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi is at a distance of around 250 Km from Patiala. The International Airport Amritsar is around 235 Km from Patiala. The nearest domestic Airport is at Chandigarh which is around 70 Km from Patiala. The exact flight schedules should be checked from the official website of these airport or the Airline.

By Train

From New Delhi, take New Delhi-Bhatinda Inter City Express or the Shatabdi Express to Ambala, and then hire a taxi for the drive to Patiala.

By Road

Patiala lies just off the excellent National Highway #1 (Delhi-Amritsar) and is about 250 Km from Delhi. The journey via Ambala Cantt. takes about 5 hours. You can also drive to Patiala from Chandigarh, via Zirakpur (on NH 22), and Rajpura.The PRTC Bus Stand Patiala enquiry no is 0175-2311718.

History & Culture

Guruji PaintingFamous for ‘peg’, ‘pagri’, ‘paranda’ (tasselled tag for braiding hair and ‘Jutti’ (footwear), joyous buoyance, royal demeanor, sensuous and graceful feminine gait and Aristocracy, Patiala presents a beautiful bouquet of life-style even to a casual visitor to the city. A brilliant spectrum of Rajput, Mughal and Punjabi cultures, a fine blend of modernity and tradition and a judicious synthesis of all that is beautiful in form and bold in spirit conjure up> a vision called 'Patiala'.

Patiala, an erstwhile princely state, capital of PEPSU and a district headquarters of Punjab are situated in the Malwa region of Punjab. Malwa has the largest number Of districts in the reorganised Punjab, and antiquity of some of the cities goes back to the ancient and early medieval period. Patiala is relatively a young city, a few years more than two centuries old.

In the 18th century, the political vacuum created by the downfall of the Mughals was successfully filled up by the Sikh Baba Ala SinghMisldars in Punjab by thwarting the designs of both the Marathas and the Afghans. One among these independent principalities of the Sikhs was that established by Baba Ala Singh at Patiala.

The early history of the founders of Patiala state is more of a myth mystery than reality. The rulers of the erstwhile states of Patiala, Nabha and Jind trace their ancestry to one Chaudhary Phul. Apparently the appellation of dynasty 'Phulkian' is derived from their common founder. One of his sons, Chaudhary Ram Singh was baptised and blessed by Guru Gobind Singh. His son Ala Singh assumed the leadership in 1714 A.D. when Banda Bahadur was engaged in the fierce struggle against the Mughals. A man with vision and courage, Ala Singh carved out an independent principality from a petty Zamindari of 30 villages. Under his successors, it expanded into a big State, touching the Shivaliks in north, Rajasthan in the south and upper courses of the Jamuna and the Sutlej. While confronting the most trying and challenging circumstances in the middle eighteenth century, Baba Ala Singh, unlike many of his contemporaries, displayed tremendous courage and shrewdness in dealing with the Mughals, Afghans and Marathas, and successfully established and maintained a state which he had started building up bit by bit from its nucleus Barnala. In 1763 Baba Ala Singh laid the foundation of the Patiala fort known as Qila Mubarak, around 'which the present city of Patiala is built.

District Administration

As Collector of the Distt :

Appellate Court under various Acts, Election Tribunal, custodian of Govt. Lands etc.

As Deputy Commissioner:

Representative of the Government in the Distt. Implementation of Govt. Policies and coordination with different departments.

As Distt. Magistrate:

Responsible for the protection of public and maintenance of law and order in the distt.

As Member Secretary of the Distt. Planning and Development Board.

As Member Secretary to plan schemes for the development of Rural & Urban areas and getting the funds allocated for all departments in the distt. and to ensure speedy implementation of Government schemes.

Miscellaneous :

Responsible to solve all kinds of problems/crises created from natural calamities such as storm/floods , procurement of food grains, public functions, protocol duties, etc.

Related Information

Tourism

  • Qila Mubarak

    Qila Mubarak

    This 18th century qila (fort) was built by Baba Ala Singh who established an independent Sikh principality at Patiala. It reportedly took many years to complete but continued to expand well into the 19th century for as long as the royal family reside...

    This 18th century qila (fort) was built by Baba Ala Singh who established an independent Sikh principality at Patiala. It reportedly took many years to complete but continued to expand well into the 19th century for as long as the royal family resided here. Qila Mubarak remained the official residence of the Maharajas till 1862. The township of Patiala grew and flourished around Qila Mubarak, and today, this majestic fort proudly marks the heart of the city. The sprawling complex comprising inner and outer precincts, each with its own set of buildings, is an outstanding example of Mughal and Rajasthani architectural styles.

    The fort is a must-see for visitors to Patiala and continues to be a huge draw. As many as 13 painted chambers and mirrored halls comprise the private residential area, called Qila Androon, where the Maharaja and the ladies of the royal household resided. The Sheesh Mahal is most remarkable in its elaborate decorations. The walls are intricately inlaid with mirror and gilt, and covered with exquisite frescoes that depict traditional Hindu themes and scenes from celebrated Punjabi folklore. Delicately painted birds, animals and geometrical designs by skilled artists from Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh are a part of the embellishments. A sacred flame brought by Baba Ala Singh from the Jwalamukhi Temple in Kangra is also housed within this section and has been kept alive since. Another section of the inner grounds comprises the Cannon Park with a gleaming array of large guns and cannons on display.

    Notable buildings in the outer perimeter of the fort include the Raan Baas or ladies apartment; the Darbar Hall built by Maharaja Karam Singh; the Jalau Khana, a hall meant for exhibitions; and the Sarad Khana, intended to house European guests. The fort’s Lassi Khana, or kitchen, is said to have served nearly 35,000 people every day. Qila Mubarak remained the official residence of the Maharajas till 1862, while the Durbar Hall continued to function as their court until 1947. Today, as a museum, this hall’s splendid display includes a silver chariot, Bohemian cut-glass chandeliers, a beautiful jade dagger carried by Guru Gobind Singh and a sword that belonged to Nadir Shah.

  • Bahadurgarh Fort

    Bahadurgarh Fort

    The Bahadurgarh Fort, on the outskirts of Patiala, was built in the 17th century by Nawab Saif Khan during the reign of Aurangzeb and was reportedly called Saifabad. Notable monuments from that period include the Diwan-e-Aam and an elegant mosque. T...

    The Bahadurgarh Fort, on the outskirts of Patiala, was built in the 17th century by Nawab Saif Khan during the reign of Aurangzeb and was reportedly called Saifabad. Notable monuments from that period include the Diwan-e-Aam and an elegant mosque.

    The Nawab’s tomb can also be found a short distance from the fort. Later, renamed after the ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, to commemorate his stay here, it was renovated and a gurudwara built by Maharaja Karam Singh of Patiala in the 19th century. Since 1989, the Punjab Police Commando Training School has been located within the grounds

  • Sheesh Mahal

    Gobindgarh Fort

    Not to be confused with the Sheesh Mahal (palace of mirrors) in the Qila Mubarak, this sprawling three-storied building, part-European and part-Mughal in appearance, was built by Maharaja Narendra Singh a short distance from the Old Moti Bagh Palace,...

    Not to be confused with the Sheesh Mahal (palace of mirrors) in the Qila Mubarak, this sprawling three-storied building, part-European and part-Mughal in appearance, was built by Maharaja Narendra Singh a short distance from the Old Moti Bagh Palace, to provide a space for expression for the many artists, poets and scholars who thronged his court. In its current role as a museum, this palace houses an impressive assortment of art and sculpture. It has a remarkable collection of miniature paintings, as well as carved metal and ivory artefacts from across Punjab, Kashmir, Burma and Tibet, including a gruesome albeit fascinating apron of human bones! A separate wing of the museum hosts a taxidermy gallery, displaying a large selection of mounted birds and animals.

    Among the manuscripts in the museum’s possession is a copy of the greatest Sufi classic, the Gulistan Bostan, once owned by the emperor Shah Jahan, its pages illustrated in gold. An interesting collection of coins housed here traces the history of international trade in the 19th century. The feted medal gallery has on display the largest number of medals and decorations in the world, numbering 3,200. Among the most extraordinary are The Order of the Garter (England) of 1348, The Order of the Golden Fleece (Austria) of 1430, and The Order of St. Andrews (Russia) founded in 1688 by Peter the Great. The Most Noble Order of The Garter, the highest civilian decoration bestowed upon British citizens, can also be viewed here. One of only 25 ever in existence, it was accidentally discovered by a visiting High Commissioner! The collection also contains medals from Belgium, Denmark, Finland and a host of countries of Africa and Asia; along side those instituted by Maharaja Bhupinder Singh himself. The latter are embellished with precious stones, and carry beautiful miniature images of Hindu gods and Sikh gurus. The grounds of the Sheesh Mahal are dotted with several statues, including one of Maharaja Bhupinder Singh highlighting his legendary sartorial taste, and an imposing statue of Queen Victoria. Slung across a (now dry) lake is a magnificent suspension bridge linking the Sheesh Mahal with the Banasar Ghar, an exhibition hall. The Sheesh Mahal is also the site for some of the events of the annual Patiala Heritage Festival.

  • Old Moti Bagh

    Old Moti Bagh

    The Moti Bagh Palace, built as one of the largest residences of the world in the mid-19th century, was the principal seat of the Patiala royal family for a century. The opulent and imposing Indo-Saracenic structure has over 1,000 rooms and is set in ...

    The Moti Bagh Palace, built as one of the largest residences of the world in the mid-19th century, was the principal seat of the Patiala royal family for a century. The opulent and imposing Indo-Saracenic structure has over 1,000 rooms and is set in a sprawling 400-acre Mughal garden replete with terraces and water channels.

    Following India’s Independence, Maharaja Yadavindra Singh dedicated the Moti Bagh Palace to the promotion of sports. Today, it houses the Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports and continues to enact out that role by training budding talent in sports and athletics.

  • Mughal Sarai

    Mughal Sarai

    The Mughal Sarai built by Sher Shah Suri lies in Shambhu village in Patiala district. He built the sarai as a halt on a busy trade route, now known as the Grand Trunk Road, his most ambitious project. The large compound is marked by two magnificent gates, a double-storeyed mosque with rooms lining its walls. A baradari and a deep well are located just outside for the use of passing travellers.

  • Armour and Chandeliers Museum

    Patiala : Armour and Chandeliers Museum

    The Durbar Hall in Patiala’s Qila Mubarak houses the Armour and Chandeliers Museum. Its chief attractions are the dazzling Bohemian cut-glass chandeliers, two of which are floor standing, bought by Maharaja Mohinder Singh. Maharaja Bhupinder Singh’s four-wheeled silver alloy chariot is also on display here. Built in Kolkata in 1909, it was drawn by six horses and used on ceremonial occasions.

    The Durbar Hall in Patiala’s Qila Mubarak houses the Armour and Chandeliers Museum. Its chief attractions are the dazzling Bohemian cut-glass chandeliers, two of which are floor standing, bought by Maharaja Mohinder Singh. Maharaja Bhupinder Singh’s four-wheeled silver alloy chariot is also on display here. Built in Kolkata in 1909, it was drawn by six horses and used on ceremonial occasions. The museum’s armour section has a remarkable collection of arms and armaments, which includes a seven-barrel bolt-action gun, a sword used by Nadir Shah, and a jade dagger that once belonged to Guru Gobind Singh.

  • Sports Museum, National Institute of Sports

    Ram Tirath

    A part of the National Institute of Sports located in the grounds of the Old Moti Bagh Palace, the Sports Museum boasts an exemplary collection of sports memorabilia – photographs, medals, sporting gear – associated with Indian sporting legends and events. These include the hockey gold medal that India won at the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics, a cricket bat of solid silver and the shoes worn by PT Usha during the 1986 Asiad Games in Seoul.

  • Dukhniwaran Sahib

    Dukhniwaran Sahib

    Gurdwara Dukh Nivaran Sahib is built on the site where Guru Tegh Bahadur, on appeal from villagers, sat under a banyan tree to rid their malaise-affected village of its disease. Translated, dukh nivaran means eradicator of suffering, and the sarovar (tank) here is believed to have healing properties. An extensive covered area has been provided to facilitate devotees who wish to bathe in it

  • Kali Devi Temple

    Kali Devi Temple

    This famous temple, dedicated to goddess Kali, is held sacred by both Hindus and Sikhs, with throngs of devotees making a beeline for it, particularly on Saturdays. The monthly fairs, every ashtmi, and the annual fairs in April and October are extremely popular, drawing large crowds.

    This famous temple, dedicated to goddess Kali, is held sacred by both Hindus and Sikhs, with throngs of devotees making a beeline for it, particularly on Saturdays. The monthly fairs, every ashtmi, and the annual fairs in April and October are extremely popular, drawing large crowds. The shrine’s most treasured possession is a collection of manuscript leaves, believed to have been written by Rishi Vyas, the composer of the epic Mahabharata. They were brought here by Maharaja Narendra Singh from the Badri Narayan Temple in Kinnaur. Another temple within the complex, dedicated to Shiva, is also very popular, especially on Mondays.

  • Bir Motibagh

    Bir Motibagh

    Bir Moti Bagh Wildlife Sanctuary was one of several prized hunting reserves of Patiala’s royal house. The sanctuary covers an area of approximately 654 hectares, which includes a deer park. The main sanctuary is home to a variety of wildlife, notably, chital, hog deer, wild boar, jackal, peafowl, myna, partridge, and quail.

  • Bir Bhunerheri Wildlife Sanctuary

    Baba Bakala

    A popular attraction, Bir Bhunerheri Wildlife Sanctuary, was once the hunting reserve of the erstwhile rulers of Patiala. Declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1972, it covers over 661 hectares and is divided into two by a road running through it. Its flora comprises mixed deciduous trees like shisham, kikar and jamun, while the fauna boasts of black buck, sambar, and blue bull; primates like the rhesus macaque; jungle cats and a variety of partridges, parakeets, quails and pigeons.

  • Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary

    Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary

    Bir Gurdialpura, also one of the main hunting reserves of the erstwhile rulers of Patiala, is spread over a little more than 620 hectares. Its mixed deciduous forests provide shelter to a wide variety of fauna, such as, the blue bull, hog deer, hare, jungle cat, jackal and rhesus monkey. The sanctuary’s avian life includes pea fowls, partridges, doves and spotted owls.

  • Qila Mubarak, Nabha

    Durgiana Temple

    The small town of Nabha, neighbouring Patiala, was once a princely state in its own right, and grew around the Qila Mubarak. Characterised by its soaring mud walls, the fort was constructed over a period of 150 years. Raja Hira Singh, who ruled from 1871 till his death in 1911, built most of the structure that stands today. The inner precinct is built on a square platform boasting colonnades, arches, and grand balconies. In 2010, the Qila Mubarak was leased to the Nabha Foundation.

Accessibility

Airport
Airport

Nearest Airport

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Airport,Chandigarh
www.airportchandigarh.com
Telephone Number: 91-172-2659886

Bus Service
Bus Service

Bus Service

Pepsu Road Transport Corporation
Telephone Number: 0175-2311718

ATM

State bank of patiala (SBP)

Gurudwara Dukhniwarn sahib, patiala

HDFC

Gurudwara Dukhniwarn sahib, patiala

Axis bank

Back side BUS stand patiala

State bank of India (SBI)

Railway station patiala

State bank of India (SBI)

Back side of bus stand patiala

State bank of patiala (SBP )

Adalat bazaar patiala

Punjab And sind bank (PSB)

The Mall Patiala near capital Thather

ICICI

ATM SCO No. 6, Chotti Baradari, Patiala

State bank of patiala (SBP )

District court complex patiala near lahori gate

State bank of patiala (SBP )

head office of SBP The mall patiala

HDFC

head office of PSTCL mall road patiala

State bank of patiala (SBP )

NIS ( national institute of sports ) Chownk Patiala

PNB

Lower mall road patiala

ICICI

ATM 82/1, Anardana chowk , Patiala

Oriental Bank Of Commerce

Budha Dal Public School Lower Mall, Patiala

PNB

Phatak No-22, patiala

Tour Operators

Mr.Baljit Singh Johal
Johal Air Travel Services Pvt. Ltd.
16-A, Johal Plaza, Ground Floor,
Opp. Bus Stand, Flyover Side,
Patiala.
Ph (0175)2302011,2213911,2305211 9815378611
johaltrv@yahoo.com
Mr. Ajay Thapar
Thapar Travels Air Services
SCF 4-5, Rajbaha Road,
Chowk, Gurdwara, Dukhniwaran Sahib,
Patiala.
Ph. (0175) 2213299, 2310071, 09814119990 (M)
reet_mehra@yahoo.co.in
MR. GURDIAL SINGH KAPOOR
LEGENDS & PALACES
B-21/64, THE MALL
SHERANWALS GATE
PATIALA
0175-2219068/5003007
legendsandpalaces@yahoo.co.in
www.legendsandpalaces.com

Guides

Mr Kamal Jeet

Email ID: kamaljeetsharma3@gmail.com
(M)- 80540-69296
Vill. Mardanpur. P.O. Shambhu, Teh. Rajpura, Patiala

Mr Amarjeet Singh

(M)- 9988059300
S/o Shri Harnek Singh, House No G-120, Ranjit Nagar,
Seona Road, Patiala

Mr Anil Kumar

(M)- 9501356965
S/o Ey Cap. Chander Singh, # 852, Street No.4,
Rishi Colony, Patiala- 147001

Mr Gopal Krishan

(M)- 9041472623
S/o Shri Amarjeet Garg, #1565/1, Old Gadda Khana,
Patiala 147001

Mr Hari Ram

(M)- 9814811145
S/o Shri Dev Singh, House No 5, Village Seona,
Patiala

Mr Pankaj Bhalla

(M)- 9216928280, 9316224417
S/o Rajinder Parshad Bhalla, # 1755, Jyoti Ram Street,
Kacha Patiala 147001

Mr Sandeep Singh

(M)- 9988336441
S/o Gurdeep Singh, Sarabha Nagar, Ward 11, Chingara Road,
Patran-147105

Miss Suman

(M)- 8727906555, 8437029269
D/o Jagmohan Yadav, #6 Mohindra Colony,
Opposite Mohindra College, Patiala- 147001

Internet Cafes

Bindra Communication Centre

9-10 M.C. Market Patiala Punjab,
098 14 575668

Arora Computers

Arna Barna Chowk, Patiala, Punjab 147001,
0175 500 1935 ?

Cyber cafe

rajbinder sandhu

Theatres

SRS Cinemas

2nd Floor,Omaxe Mall,Opp Kali Devi Mandir,
Patiala,Punjab, 147001,
0175 653 4811

Tagore Theatre

Model Town, Patiala,
Punjab

Old Final Lecture Theatres

Govt medical College, And Rajindra Hospital, NH 64,
New Lal Bagh, Patiala, Punjab

National Theater Arts Society Regd

Govt medical College, And Rajindra Hospital, NH 64,
212-a/1, Sewak Colony, Sewak Colony, Patiala
Punjab 147001, 0175 221 3272

Shopping

Omaxe Mall

Patiala, Punjab

Bindra Stores

Adalat Bazar, Patiala,
Punjab 147001, 0175 501 2091

V.K. GROUP

Sco 14 Walia Enclave, Opposite Punjabi University,
Urban Estate, Patiala, Punjab 147002, 092 16 722002

RANA PHULKARI CORNER

#788 -7 Near water Tank, Main Road Tripuri Town Patiala, Punjab 147004, 090 41 400054

Aachar Bazaar

Patiala, Punjab

New Budha Dal Complex

Patiala, Punjab 147001

THIS COUNTS

Patiala, Punjab, 098 14 300117

City Centre

Bhupindra Road, Patiala, Punjab 147001

Shopping Center

DMW Railway Colony, Patiala, Punjab

Kabir's Multistore

Patiala, Punjab

Distances from Amritsar

Tourist Information Office

Chandigarh 67km
Amritsar 234km
Delhi 238km
Ludhiana 115km
Sangrur 57km
Rajpura 25km
Ambala 25km
Bathinda 152km
Sirhind 36km
Tourist Imformation Centre ( Punjab Tourism )

Address : punjab state archives,
old commissioner office,
near Distt courts complex,
Mall Road, Patiala
Email: topatiala@gmail.com
Phone no: 98727-74777

Punjab
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